Friday, March 22

Poop On Your Cell Phones


By now most of you have heard the facts about flushing the toilet without shutting it and the waste that gets spewed all over your bathroom stuff in there but what about something we carry in our hot little hands all day and take everywhere? Our cell phones.

You know you take it everyplace you go. There was a good article recently that said with all of the choices that we have at home to get online or do searches with that cell phones are at the top of the list. Not home computers or tablets, cell phones. I hear a lot of people complain about trying to read the small screens and use the tiny keyboards but it’s becoming a well-known fact that we use our phones more than any other device, especially at home.

When you consider those facts it may not be a surprise to you that our cell phones could be harvesting E. coli and infectious diseases from bathrooms, dirty hands and who knows what else.

You hold it up to your face, use it while relieving yourself, take it into public bathrooms, play with it while eating, take it to hospitals, your car and handle it all day. You may wash your hands but after that, you pick that dirty cell phone right back up again.

NED University Journal of Research did a study in 2012 and published a paper on this subject. Here is what they found.

Mobile Phones: Reservoir Of Infectious Diseases In University Premises

The objective of this study is to find out the level of contamination of mobile phones used in University premises. These mobile phones could be a reservoir of pathogenic microorganisms and can also contribute in the spread of infectious diseases among the users in different environments. During this study, 367 mobile phones of teachers, students, non-teaching staff, medical staff and canteen staff of the University were screened in order to check the presence of different microorganisms including normal flora and pathogenic species. Isolated bacterial species were identified by the standard microbiological methods and biochemical tests. Eight different commonly used disinfectants were tested by Agar Well Diffusion method to find out the effective disinfectant for the cleaning of mobile phones. 98.6% of the total mobile phones were contaminated with bacteria. Overall, 250 (69.0%) samples were contaminated with different members of coliforms group of bacteria. 5% Acetic acid solution and Dettol (4.8% Chloroxylenol) were found to be active disinfectants against bacterial isolates. Presence of coliforms and other pathogens on mobile phones indicates the potential unhygienic conditions in university staff and students. Incidences of infectious diseases are greater in those people who use mobile phones for more than two hours per day. This is an alarming situation which can result in an outbreak of diseases on university premises.

Or at work, or in the home, it’s no wonder people get sick so often. I never gave this much thought myself until I was watching Anderson Cooper on TV and he discussed it. It makes sense even if you never considered it until now.

When asked if they wash their hands 95% of people said they did it regularly but obviously they aren’t telling the whole truth. Men’s hands were more contaminated then women and men wash their hands less when exiting restrooms. I don’t think I have to point out that people with dirty hands have the most “poop” on their phones.

If you stop to think about every place scientists have ever turned up fecal bacteria-grocery store carts, swimming pools, fast food restaurant soda fountains and kids’ play areas, ATM keypads, your purse, your washing machine, prewashed salad greens, food court trays, and pretty much everything in a hotel room, it makes it hard to lay your hands on anything again.

You know what to do about this because (if we ever learn to develop it,) it’s just common sense. Wash your hands, disinfect your cell phone with wipes, don’t share your phone especially with sick people, and keep your phone away from the bathroom.

A little cleanliness never hurt anyone, even when dealing with technology.

Keep On Bloggin’!

Tuesday, March 19

Drawing Under The Influence

LSD 25 is a pure clear liquid acid that is usually injected, dropped on sugar cubes or sprayed on paper (called blotter). It came about when Dr. Albert Hofmann (born in 1906) a Swiss chemist created the strangest chemical known to man, LSD 25. He first synthesized Lysergic Acid Diethylamide from ergot alkaloids in 1938, and, after tests on animals, found that the substance wasn't very interesting or helpful to his work. Five years later in 1943, Hofmann went back because he felt he missed something and, after accidentally ingesting the substance through his fingers, became the first human to ever experience the magical effects of LSD. Three days later on April 19, Hofmann purposely ingested 250 mcg of the substance. As of today, Hofmann is still alive and well at the ripe old age of 100 years! Wow!

These nine drawings were done by an artist under the influence of LSD 25 – part of a test conducted by the US government during it’s dalliance with psychotomimetic drugs in the late 1950′s. The artist was injected with doses of LSD 25 and had free access to an area with a bunk bed and activity box full of paper, crayons and pencils. His subject is the doctor that is injecting him with the doses of LSD.

This first drawing is done 20 minutes after the initial dose (50ug). The attending doctor observes – Patient chooses to start drawing with charcoal. The subject of the experiment reports – “Condition normal… no effect from the drug yet”.

drawing-under-the-influence-of-lsd01

85 minutes after the first dose and 20 minutes after a second dose has been administered (50ug + 50ug). The patient seems euphoric. “I can see you clearly, so clearly. This… you… it’s all… I’m having a little trouble controlling this pencil. It seems to want to keep going.”

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2 hours 30 minutes after the first dose. The patient appears very focused on the business of drawing. “Outlines seem normal but very vivid – everything is changing color. My hand must follow the bold sweep of the lines. I feel as if my consciousness is situated in the part of my body that’s now active – my hand, my elbow… my tongue”.

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2 hours 32 minutes after the first dose. Patient seems gripped by his pad of paper. “I’m trying another drawing. The outlines of the model are normal, but now those of my drawing are not. The outline of my hand is going weird too. It’s not a very good drawing is it? I give up – I’ll try again…”

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2 hours 35 minutes after the first dose. The patient follows quickly with another drawing. “I’ll do a drawing in one flourish… without stopping… one line, no break!”. Upon completing the drawing the patient starts laughing, then becomes startled by something on the floor.

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2 hours 45 minutes after the first dose. The patient tries to climb into activity box, and is generally agitated – responds slowly to the suggestion he might like to draw some more. He has become largely nonverbal. “I am… everything is… changed… they’re calling… your face… interwoven… who is…” Patient mumbles inaudibly to a tune (sounds like “Thanks for the memory”). He changes medium to Tempera.

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4 hours 25 minutes after the first dose. The patient retreated to the bunk, spending approximately 2 hours lying, waving his hands in the air. His return to the activity box is sudden and deliberate, changing media to pen and watercolor. “This will be the best drawing, Like the first one, only better. If I’m not careful I’ll lose control of my movements, but I won’t, because I know. I know” – (this saying is then repeated many times). Patient makes the last half-a-dozen strokes of the drawing while running back and forth across the room.

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5 hours 45 minutes after first dose. Patient continues to move about the room, intersecting the space in complex variations. It’s an hour and a half before he settles down to draw again – he appears over the effects of the drug. “I can feel my knees again, I think it’s starting to wear off. This is a pretty good drawing – this pencil is mighty hard to hold” – (he is holding a crayon).

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8 hours after first dose. Patient sits on the bunk bed. He reports the intoxication has worn off except for the occasional distorting of our faces. We ask for a final drawing which he performs with little enthusiasm. “I have nothing to say about this last drawing, it is bad and uninteresting, I want to go home now.”

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Looking at this last drawing compared to the first in the group you can tell the LSD is wearing off. It’s not as polished as his first drawing after 8 hours on LSD the drawing conveys how tired he feels.

I don’t know about you, but my favorite drawing is actually number six when the subject is fully under the influence of the LSD. Number five is nice because he did it in a continuous line and that’s cool. All the drawings are quite interesting and you can clearly see how the dosages of LSD influenced the artist as the experiment was completed. I’d say the test was a success.


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